Quran and Jesus’ resurrection

Even though we can say with reasonable certainty that Jesus died by crucifixion, there are still those who dispute this fact. For instance, the Quran seem to dispute Jesus’ death by crucifixion, it says: “That they said (in boast), “We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah”;- but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not:- Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise” (Sura 4:157-158 Yusufali translation). The Quran makes it clear that Jesus was not crucified nor was he killed during the crucifixion instead he was exalted to God.

Muslim scholars, in their embarrassment, have tried to explain this text in many ways. Some have said Jesus’ crucifixion didn’t last long enough for Him to die. But remember that the Quran specifically said “nor crucified him”, which exclude any crucifixion at all, so any explanation should not include crucifixion, as such saying Jesus was not crucified for long doesn’t make sense because crucifixion is crucifixion even it happens for a few minutes. Other scholars have explained the text as saying God had given someone else the same appearance of Jesus causing everybody to believe that Jesus was crucified when he wasn’t. The problem with this explanation is the fact that God is being associated with deceit, the very thing the Quran says God is not. Another explanation offered by Muslim scholars is that Jesus’ body was immortal, so even though he was crucified He couldn’t die, or He wasn’t crucified to death as such we can’t say He was crucified. This explanation only denies Jesus’ death, and then tries to use metaphors to explain the crucifixion but it fails.

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